How to Grow Garlic Indoors

Grow garlic on indoor is an economical idea.  In fall, purple garlic and white garlic are best because they like the soil during this time of year.  

As for red garlic and pink garlic, they grow best in the spring.  Depending on the region, this root vegetable is planted in November, one month before the first frosts.  

So he can get ahead and have beautiful green stems.  The pods will resume growth in the spring and will be more developed than those planted during this time.

 White garlic is planted in the fall from October to December.  It goes into the ground as long as it does not freeze and as soon as possible, because it takes a long time to grow.  It reaches maturity after 6 to 8 months.  

White garlic likes the cold.  If planted in hot weather, it will have a hard time growing good buds. Purple garlic and red garlic are best planted in the fall.  They are cautious and require a mild climate.Pink garlic is grown in the spring, January, February, and March. 

This vegetable needs aerated, non-sandy soil.  Indeed, the latter must be compact, but also allow water to circulate.  All you need to do is put dry topsoil, compost and clay balls in a pot.  Place the garlic in a warm, sunny location, as the bulbs can rot from the humidity.  

The soil should be well drained and should not retain water.  In case of clayey soil, it is better to plant the garlic later and grow it on hillocks, as the soil will dry out faster.  Soil nourished from a previous crop is sufficient, because garlic does not like too fresh manure which destroys the roots. Garlic also particularly appreciates clay-
limestone and clay-sandy soils.

growing garlic indoors

# 1.Choose the Container

When it comes to choosing a container to grow garlic, you need to consider a few things. If you are growing multiple cloves in one pot, you will need a pot large enough to give each nail 4 inches of space. The container should be deep enough to allow roots to grow, produce green leaves, and allow bulbs to grow.

An 8-12 inch deep pot will be ideal for planting your garlic. Make sure this pot has good drainage holes. You can use almost any container you want as long as it allows for good drainage. For pots that don't come with holes, you can easily create them with the right tools. Just use a drill to poke a few holes in the bottom of the bottom.

#2. Choosing the Right Land

You should provide your garlic plant with the best conditions, as it can be very difficult for them to grow in containers. Avoid using soil from the garden and instead use a rich soil.

Choose soil that is permeable and drains well. Purchase a soilless potting mix that will allow excess water to drain and prevent rot. You can also make your own potting mix without soil, mixing coconut fiber or peat, manure or compost, and vermiculite or perlite. This mixture will help retain moisture.

#3. Preparation the pot before planting 

Now that you have your pot, it's time to fill it with the rich soil. At this point, you can also mix the soil with some granular fertilizer, such as 10-10-10. Fill your container with soil almost to the top, and then water the soil in the pot to help settle it.

It is important to give it a good watering before planting the cloves to make sure the container drains well. When you're watering, look at the holes at the bottom to make sure the water drains well.

#4. Sowing the Garlic Cloves

growing garlic indoors

Buy organic garlic bulbs from your local nursery or online, making sure it is of good quality. 1-2 days before planting, separate the bulbs, making sure to keep the husk to see the individual teeth. You should choose the largest cloves because these will have the best chance of sprouting when planted.

In your potted soil, drill 3 holes about 5 inches apart and 2-3 inches deep. Try not to plant more than 3 garlic cloves per container as they need enough space for the roots to grow well.

Place the tooth in the holes with its flat end pointing down into the soil, as this is where the roots come from. Bury the cloves with the potting mix on top. Do not place more than one tooth per hole as this will not lead to any growth. Gently tap the ground, burying the tooth to settle it.

Place the pot in a sunny spot and water it well until you see that the excess is running out of the drainage holes. This will help the mixture sit on top of the garlic to hydrate it and help sprout out.

#5.  Lighting

For your garlic plant to grow successfully, you will need to provide them with at least 6-8 hours of sunlight per day. To do this, place them in a west or south-facing window that gets plenty of sunlight. You can also place the container near a windowsill or anywhere it gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight a day.

If you don't have a sunny window or any interior space with direct sunlight, don't worry. You can always use fluorescent lights or indoor grow lights to help your plant grow. Grow lights can be super easy and effective to use.

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# 6. Irrigation

Garlic likes their soil moist, not soggy, so be sure not to soak them when you water. The amount of water and the frequency of irrigation will depend on the conditions around the plant, such as temperature, sunlight and humidity. During hot sunny weather, water your garlic plant 2-3 times a week.

Water regularly until you see excess come out of the drainage holes, and always make sure not to over-saturate the plants.

# 7. Fertilize

Indoor garlic requires a good amount of fertilizer to thrive well. Fertilize once or twice a month during the warm season with a fish fertilizer, seaweed meal, or a general-purpose organic fertilizer.

You can also use a diluted organic fertilizer. Just add it to the water you give the plant to ensure it has enough nutrients.

Harvest Garlic

# 8. Harvest Garlic

When it comes to garlic, you will have to do two different harvests, as you can harvest the vegetables and the bulbs.

Harvesting the Garlic Vegetables:

  • Wait until the vegetables are 4 to 6 inches tall to harvest.
  • Once the greens reach 4-6 inches, trim the greens at the base with scissors leaving 1 inch of growth.
  • For the next six months, keep cutting the greens to allow the plant to focus more on bulb growth.
  • Use freshly harvested vegetables as a garnish in your kitchen!

Harvest the garlic bulbs:

  • The garlic bulbs will be ready to pick after 8-10 months.
  • When you notice the veggies start to turn brown and die, it's time to harvest.
  • Gently remove the bulbs from the soil and wipe off any excess.
  • Hang the bulbs in a dry room to cure. They can take 2 to 3 weeks to fully dry or heal.
  • Once your garlic is dry, use them as desired.

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# 9. Care for garlic grown indoor 

  • Garlic grown indoor or in the field requires little maintenance.
  • Garlic doesn't need a lot of water.  It should be well watered when planting.  Except in severe drought, it does not need to be watered.
  • Garlic appreciates exposure to the sun.
  •  For a summer harvest, plant garlic in the fall and spring to harvest it in the fall.
  • A few weeks before harvest, it will be necessary to loosen the garlic and clear the soil around the bulbs so that they dry properly.
  • Tying coarse knots in the leaves that are starting to turn yellow promotes bulb development.

#10.  Garlic diseases and pests

Indoor Garlic plant is plagued by certain insect pests and diseases.Garlic rust occurs during wet springs.  The leaves are adorned with red spots that spread to the point of preventing plant growth.  Affected leaves should be cut off as soon as the first signs appear.  Because of its strong indoor which repels pests and animals, rust is the only disease to which garlic is susceptible.  This fungal disease is brought by the wind carrying the spores.Leek moth and onion maggot occasionally attack garlic.Bulbs can rot due to excess water.