how to grow ginger indoors
 Ginger  Indoors Plant 

Ginger is a plant that is increasingly in fashion around the world, although it has been used for centuries in Asia, for its multiple health properties.  For this reason, more and more people want to have their own plant in indoors, because if you have space, in this way, it is much easier to take advantage of the root of the plant and ensure that it is grown as naturally as possible.


 If you want to learn what the conditions are for having this plant at indoors , don't miss this backyard garden usa article in which we explain in detail how to grow ginger at indoors.  Take note of all their care and enjoy their benefits whenever you need them.


Properties and uses of ginger

 As we mentioned at the beginning, the root of this plant is full of benefits and that is why it is widely used.  The main health properties of ginger are that it is an anti-inflammatory, vasodilator, digestive, analgesic, antihistamine, antispasmodic, antitussive, antimicrobial, anticoagulant and many more, all thanks mainly to the shogaoels and gingerols it contains.


 The main uses of ginger for health are to prevent and treat respiratory, digestive, circulatory problems, pain in general and to have more energy, among many more uses.  In short, it is a plant that if you can have at home it is better that you do not miss the opportunity.  Take note of the care and cultivation of the ginger plant.


 Are you interested to know how to grow ginger indoors?


Ginger grow is essentially short


Ginger grow is essentially short


  • ◑Ginger can be preferred at home in late winter and planted outdoors from mid / end of May
  • ◑Ginger makes few demands on its location: it likes sunny to partially shaded areas and temperatures above 20 ° C
  • ◑Before planting the tubers, the soil should be enriched with compost
  • ◑Ginger can also be grown in a pot


What you need to grow ginger indoor

What you need to grow ginger indoor


Growing ginger in indoors  should start with the purchase of planting material. To do this, you can visit the nearest supermarket.  The acquired ginger root for planting at home is prepared as follows:

  • The roots are immersed in warm water (room temperature or slightly warmer) for 2-5 hours. During this time, the dormant kidneys should awaken.
    • Further, if you have a sufficiently massive root, then it can be divided into parts (5-8 centimeters in length, 3-4 in width), so that each part has one living bud (at least), and preferably several buds.

    But! Better to plant large roots. If you divide the tuber, then it grows much weaker.

    • Then the roots should be slightly dried so that the slices dry out. They can also be treated with charcoal to ensure they don't rot. And you can sprinkle with crushed activated carbon (sold in any pharmacy).

    As soon as the planting material dries up, you can start planting ginger in the ground.

Purchased ginger is quite suitable for planting and grows well in indoorsWhen choosing a root tuber, you should pay attention to the condition of the kidneys. They must be intact. The next thing to do after purchase is to choose a suitable growing area in the house.


Which location is possible?

In a sunny to partially shaded location with temperatures from 20 degrees Celsius, the modest demands of a ginger plant are met. Many a location can come up with these light and temperature conditions inside or outside. The following table lists tried and tested options for growing ginger:

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Choosing a place in the house

Ginger is native to the tropics. He needs a lot of bright sunlight.

That is why south-facing indoor are best suited for growing ginger in an apartment. The plant will feel as comfortable as possible on them.

place for ginger


Selection and preparation of ginger containers

For growing ginger from the root at home, choose wide and shallow containers. Its root system is located close to the soil surface, almost without growing deeper. In addition, the amount of land that has not been reclaimed by the roots can easily acidify, which will lead to the death of the plant.

container for ginger

There must be drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. Even a short-term stagnation of moisture can cause the death of a plant.

Soil choice: buy or do it yourself

Ginger loves loose and fertile soil, while it should be slightly acidic in reaction.

For planting ginger rhizomes, you will need highly nutritious, loose soil. It can be composed of equal parts of sod land, humus and clean river sand. For cultivation, a ready-made industrial substrate based on multi-purpose peat is also suitable.

Therefore, almost any ready-made peat-based substrate will work for you, except that it should be loosened by adding sand.

For self-preparation, you can take: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of humus or compost, as well as 1/2 river sand or vermiculite (perlite).

 When compiling the soil, it is also very important to take care of the arrangement of a drainage layer of expanded clay, pebbles or coarse sand.


Features of growing ginger on indoor 


Ginger on the indoor is grown not only for spicy and healthy roots, but also as an ornamental plant (if you like reeds).

Interesting! During the flowering period, a beautiful purple flower appears on an unsightly plant. However, it will take a long time to wait for flowering, about 3 years, and it is not a fact that it will bloom in indoor conditions ...

Ginger flower

The spice came to our area from hot and humid tropical forests. In order for the plant to be comfortable, and in general, the cultivation of ginger on the indoor was successful, in the room it is necessary to create a microclimate similar to the natural one.

Worth knowing! Ginger rhizomes mature within 8-10 months. Therefore, in order to get a harvest by autumn (in October-November), and for the winter the plant could normally retire, it is optimal to plant ginger in late winter - February or early spring (in March). During this period, daylight hours are just beginning to lengthen, which means that you will have less additional lighting at the initial stage.

However, this does not mean at all that you cannot plant at another time, you just have to artificially create suitable conditions.

What ginger is suitable for growing on indoor 


Naturally, in order to plant a plant, you first need to buy planting material somewhere. It is quite simple to do this, you will need ginger root, which is sold in the supermarket, so to speak, "for consumption." It is difficult, if not impossible, to find planting ginger in garden stores.

Of course, the planting material must meet certain requirements:

  • the root should be dense and elastic;
  • without any damage and disease (especially decay);
  • optimal dimensions - at least 5-8 cm in length, 3-4 cm in width;
  • the most important thing is to have growth points at the root (at least 1, but in general, the more, the better).Preparing ginger roots for planting



How to grow ginger on indoor - features, conditions and step-by-step instructions

Before directly planting ginger root, you should choose the most suitable container for growing, as well as the soil.

What container to plant 

It is very important for ginger to choose a suitable planting container, because it grows quite strongly. Since the root of ginger does not grow in depth, but in width, then  for planting it is better to stop at a shallow (one might say flat) wide plastic container of medium size .

However, in nature (in the open field), ginger builds up a sufficiently deep root system, so if you plant it not only in a wide, but in a deep pot, then there will be a chance to get an even larger yield

Too small pots (especially ceramic ones) should not be taken, they can simply be torn apart.

How to grow ginger at home in a pot

In no case should moisture stagnate in the pot, which means that not only moisture and air-permeable soil is required, but also drainage. In other words, it is necessary that all excess water after watering flows into the pan; there should be drainage holes in the bottom of the pot . In addition, a layer of expanded clay (or similar material) with a thickness of 3-5 cm should be laid out at the bottom of the planting container .


Step-by-step instructions Direct landing

Step-by-step instructions for planting ginger root for growing on a windowsill at home:

  • Prepare planting containers.
  • Pour a drainage layer, soil on it.

Soil for growing ginger

  • Slightly deepen the root, while the buds (growth points) should look up (or sideways). Then sprinkle with a layer of moist substrate 2-3 cm thick. In this case, the root should be placed not in the center of the pot, but on the side, so that the sprouts seem to look into the free part of the pot.

But! There is the opposite opinion that while the sprouts will only awaken and grow, they should be in the light. And already when a small shoot appears, they can be dug in.

How To grow ginger indoors

  • Water abundantly.

Important!  Optionally, you can cover with foil or put on a bag to create a greenhouse environment before the first shoots appear. But watch out for humidity, otherwise root decay may occur.

  • Place in a warm and bright place (+20 degrees or slightly higher).

How to grow ginger at home - the right soil


What should be the place for growing: light, temperature and humidity

For growing ginger on a windowsill to be successful, the room must be light, warm, and humid .

Ginger grows best in partial shade . The plant has very delicate leaves, therefore, if you have a southerno indoor, then you should definitely shade it (of course, in winter and early spring this is not necessary, since there is not enough light anyway). Therefore, it is much better to grow it on the western or eastern windowsill (so that you don't have to shade too much in the summer).

The normal length of daylight hours is 12-16 hours, so in winter and early spring, be sure to supplement with phyto-lamps or full-spectrum LED lamps.

The optimum temperature for ginger in spring is + 18 ... + 20 degrees, but in summer - + 28 ... + 32 degrees (the time of the most active growing season). When the plant has a dormant period (late autumn-winter), the temperature should be significantly reduced (should be below +18 degrees). However, if you do not want the plant to hibernate, then simply do not lower the temperature (so that it is above +18).

Important! Ginger does not like sudden changes in temperature, so it is better not to take the plant out into the fresh air in spring and autumn. But in the summer it is quite convenient to keep it on the street, but not in direct sunlight, otherwise the leaves will simply burn.

Also, the plant needs to create high humidity, therefore, to create a comfortable environment, it  should be sprayed daily with warm water . It is especially important to irrigate vegetative ginger when the air in the room is very dry with heating devices.

However, if the plant is dormant, no additional sprinkling is needed.

Watering

The plant is tropical, which means that it loves moisture very much, but does not tolerate stagnant water.

For normal development, ginger needs frequent moderate watering as the soil (top layer) dries up.

Ginger on the windowsill is poured with settled or filtered (soft) water at room temperature.

How to grow ginger at home and how to care for it

So that air continuously flows to the roots, and the water evaporates easily, each time after moistening the soil must be loosened.

Important! The soil in the pot should never dry out at all. At the same time, the plant should not be poured: excess moisture entails rotting of the roots.

7-10 days before the expected date of harvest (root digging), any watering is stopped.


Top dressing

During an active growing season, the plant at home can be fed with complex mineral fertilizers, or even better with weak organic solutions (for example, herbal infusion, mullein or bird droppings - everything is diluted and prepared according to the instructions).

Note! If you want to get a big harvest, then feeding is a must. Better yet, make the soil as fertile as possible immediately by adding more compost or humus to it.

Naturally, resting ginger is not fertilized.

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Problems of growing ginger in indoor: diseases and pests

The tropical plant is naturally endowed with good disease and insect resistance. Even if you successfully grow ginger in indoor, you can face harmful plant diseases. Most often, a plant grown on a windowsill begins to hurt due to improper care. The most common problems are:

  • The leaves turn yellow . This problem occurs due to overflow, direct sunlight. Also, the leaves may turn yellow if the soil in the pot does not allow air to pass through well.
  • The plant gradually withers and the leaves dry out . This condition is caused by insufficient watering and spraying.

Diseases of the ginger grown on the windowsill

To get rid of this or that disease, you need to identify the cause of the bad condition and correct the care.

Important! If the plant is kept in low humidity conditions for a long time, it will be attacked by a spider mite.

An insect attack is evidenced by the pallor of the aerial part and the appearance of yellow dots, which gradually increase and fill the entire leaf. If you sit back for a long time, the spider mite will suck all the juices from the plant on the indoor and the plant will die.

How To grow ginger indoors

The fight against spider mites is carried out by the following methods:

  • Carry out the treatment with an insecticide  (it is advisable to use biological products  such as phytoverm at home ). The treatment is carried out until the pest disappears.

  • The plant is regularly watered and sprayed . To get rid of the insect, the leaves are washed with water at room temperature, after covering the rhizome with a package. After bathing, the aboveground part is wrapped in a transparent bag or film. 

  • After a week in a mini-greenhouse, in conditions of high humidity, insects die. However, this method has one drawback: the laid eggs are not destroyed as a result of processing.

Any problem is easier to prevent than to solve. The best prevention of diseases and pests is to create comfortable conditions and proper care.

Dates of germination and harvesting of ginger on the windowsill

When comfortable conditions are created, the first sprouts of home-grown ginger break through to the surface 14-28 days after planting.


Photo of ginger, which is grown at home in a pot


Worth knowing! The harvest in 8-10 months will be quite modest (only about 1.5-2 times more than you planted). But rest assured that in terms of nutritional value, homemade ginger will be several times better than any store bought.

As soon as you see that the top and, in general, the tips of the leaves begin to turn yellow and dry, that's it, it's time to harvest - dig up the ginger root. As a rule, it should take about 8-10 months from the moment of planting.

Advice! 7-10 days before the expected date of harvest (root digging), any watering is stopped.

 

Note! It is quite logical that 8-10 months for the development of good tubers will be, frankly, not enough. But a couple of years, perhaps, is enough. In addition, you can dig out individual tubers as needed, leaving the mother plant to grow. Of course, even in this case, harvests on an industrial scale should not be expected, but it will be quite enough for seasoning on the family table.


Ginger harvesting and storage

Ginger harvesting and storage

As soon as the ginger leaves begin to turn yellow and fall apart in different directions, watering is reduced to a minimum. It is no longer necessary to spray the plants either. These signs indicate the beginning of tubers ripening.

After the leaves are completely dry, they begin to harvest. Rhizomes are dug up, cleaned of the remnants of roots and soil. Then within 2-3 days they are dried at room temperature. After that, they are collected and stored in a basement or cellar with a temperature not higher than + 5-6 ° C.

If the roots are few, they can be stored in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator, wrapped in a plastic bag.

Some of the dug tubers can be used for further propagation. This will avoid the cost of purchasing planting material.

Tubers intended for cultivation are stored with the rest. They are obtained by the end of winter. Once the tubers have sprouted, they can be planted. In the future, ginger can be propagated in this way, using planting material adapted to specific conditions.


Possible problems

When growing ginger on a windowsill, you can face a number of problems. Most of them arise from care errors. Ginger can also suffer from pest attacks.

Yellowing of leaves

The problem is observed when there is a lack of batteries. This happens if you plant ginger in too poor soil or if you completely refuse to make additional fertilizing. To help the plant recover, it is necessary to apply fertilizers correctly and in a timely manner.

Fertilizers must be diluted in full accordance with the attached instructions. An excess of nutrition is no less harmful than a lack of it.

yellowing of ginger leaves

Drying out the edges and tips of the leaves

In most cases, the leaves begin to dry when the moisture level is insufficient. Ginger must be grown with constant spraying and abundant watering.

Brown spots on the leaves

Such leaf damage is observed when the plant receives sunburn. The ginger pot should be moved to a less sunny place or shaded. In the future, the plant should be more carefully looked after, timely applying all the necessary fertilizers. This will facilitate its rapid recovery.

leaf spots

Sticky coating

When ginger is affected by a spider mite, a characteristic cobweb-like bloom appears on its leaves. This pest multiplies very quickly, quickly mastering all new plants, so you should act immediately. To combat spider mites, special preparations of acaricides are used.

Spider mite

Due to physiological characteristics, conventional pest control agents are ineffective in the fight against spider mites.


For processing, you can use "Aktellik" or "Fitoverm". They are bred in strict accordance with the attached annotations. After 10 days, the treatment must be repeated.

Ginger grown on indoor  is a 100% natural, environmentally friendly product. It can be used as a spice, for making fresh aromatic tea, or for medicinal purposes.



Health benefits of ginger

Health benefits of ginger


• For dizziness and nausea : reduces the symptoms associated with dizziness. It is very useful for nausea in pregnant women.

• For bad breath:  an oriental technique is to use a small piece of pickled ginger with vinegar to remove bad breath and refresh the mouth after meals.


• For digestion: favors the elimination of bacteria and other harmful intestinal microorganisms. Taking ginger regularly helps to improve the composition of the intestinal flora and helps prevent the appearance of intestinal putrefaction responsible for abdominal swelling and bloating. (Recommended with probiotics)


• Calorific: ginger can help sweating and is very useful in colds and flu.


• Circulatory tonic: the combination of the stimulation of sweat and the circulatory flow induces the blood to move to the periphery. This makes it suitable for chilblains, hypertension, and fever. Ginger also inhibits platelet aggregation, thus helping to prevent cardiovascular disease.


• Antioxidant: ginger is rich in antioxidants, which slow down the aging process.


• Anti-inflammatory: its gingerols, the main active components of ginger and responsible for its spicy flavor, are volatile oils with very powerful anti-inflammatory properties. People with rheumatoid arthritis experience relief from pain and swelling and improvements in mobility when they consume ginger regularly.


• Anticancer : gingerols can also inhibit the growth of colorectal cancer cells, as suggested by the results of different studies.

• Muscle activity: it  has a high content of magnesium, calcium and phosphorus, minerals that actively participate in the contraction of the muscle and in the transmission of the nerve impulse. It is, therefore, a useful remedy to prevent and combat muscle spasms and muscle weakness.


Bonus  tips (#)

How to plant ginger at home

 When you have this piece of root or rhizome prepared with a sprout, take note of everything you will need and the steps to follow to plant ginger at home:


 Materials

 1 piece of ginger root or rhizome.

 1 pot about 40 cm deep and as wide as possible or a large piece of land.

 3 parts of land, if possible ecological.

 1 part compost or worm castings.

 Steps to plant ginger

 Prepare the garden ground or pot.  Make sure it has adequate drainage to avoid waterlogging and prepare compost or humus and soil.

 Fill the soil or pot with least, ginger boosts blood circulation and metabolism, which reduces the risk of heart attacks, strokes and thrombosis.


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Frequently ask questions 

Do the flowers of ginger smell?

Immediately from the rhizome, a ginger plant sprouts upright stems with candle-like inflorescences. The pure species shines with numerous reddish-purple-yellow flowers, the stamens of which give off a pleasant, sweet scent.


Can ginger overwinter outside?

The distribution areas of ginger extend over tropical and subtropical regions. The miraculous tuber is therefore not prepared for frost. On the contrary, the above-ground parts of the plant shiver at temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius. Ginger is not equipped for wintering outdoors.


Are blue ginger tubers edible?

At first glance, blue ginger (Dichorisandra thyrsiflora) looks very similar to real ginger. The magnificent, cylindrical inflorescences open in late summer with numerous blue to purple single flowers. The starting point for the strong stems are thickened, tuber-like roots, which, however, are neither real rhizomes nor edible. In fact, blue ginger is a day flower family and is not related to real ginger.

At the end of September I was given a large Japanese ginger in a pot. 

Unfortunately, the plant is munching with yellow, dry leaves. Can the ginger still be saved?

All ginger plants move in in late autumn. Specifically, this means that the above-ground parts of the plant die off. Only the thick rhizome winters in the earth. Cut off dead leaves and put the Japanese ginger in a cool place at around 10 degrees Celsius until February / March. Water sparingly and do not apply fertilizer. From April you will move to a sunny window seat and resume the normal maintenance program.