How To Make a Dwarf Mango Tree in pots by backyardgardenusa

Mango is the most common dwarf tree . Native to Burma and eastern India, this evergreen plant belongs to the Anacardiaceae family. The dwarf mango tree is one of the main national symbols of India and Pakistan. Learn How To Make a Dwarf Mango Tree. 

    The height of a tree trunk can reach 30 meters, and its crown in girth - up to 10 meters. The long dark green leaves of the mango are lanceolate and no more than 5 cm wide. The young glossy leaves of the tropical plant are characterized by a red or yellow-green color.

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    The flowering period of the mango falls in February-March. Yellowish inflorescences are collected in pyramidal brooms. Inflorescence panicles consist of several hundred flowers, and sometimes their number is measured in thousands. 

    Their length can reach 40 cm. Mango flowers are predominantly male. The scent of the blossoming flowers is almost identical to the scent of a lily blossom. At least three months pass between the period of wilting of flowers and ripening of mango fruits.

     In some cases, this process is delayed up to six month dwa tree plant has long, sturdy stems that can support the weight of mature fruits. 

    Ripe mangoes can weigh up to 2 kilograms. The fruit has a smooth and thin skin, the color of which directly depends on the degree of ripeness of the fruit.

     The color of the peel can be green, yellow and red, but a combination of all of these colors is often found on the same fruit. The state of its pulp (soft or fibrous) also depends on the degree of ripeness of the fruit. Inside the mango pulp is a large hard bone.

    In modern times, more than five hundred varieties of tropical fruits are known. According to some reports, there are up to 1000 varieties. All of them are different from each other in shape, color, size, inflorescences and taste of the fruit.

     On industrial plantations, preference is given to the cultivation of dwarf mangoes. It is they who are recommended to grow at home.

    The evergreen dwarf mango tree is native to the Indian states. Mangoes were often found in tropical rainforests with high humidity. 

    Today, tropical fruit is grown in various parts of the world: Mexico, South America, USA, Philippines, Caribbean Islands, Kenya. Mango trees are also found in Australia and Thailand.

    India is the main supplier of mangoes to foreign countries. About 10 million tons of tropical fruits are harvested on the plantations of this South Asian country. In Europe, Spain and the Canary Islands are considered to be the largest suppliers of mangoes.

    Dwarf mango tree care at home

    Dwarf  mango tree care at home

    Location lighting temperature

    The location of the dwarf mango tree in the home plays a key role in the proper development of the plant. If possible, the brightest and brightest place in the apartment should be allocated for placing the mango.

    An evergreen tree should be kept in a loose pot as its root system is developing rapidly. Mango loves to be in the sun. Lack of natural light often leads to plant diseases.

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    Mango is a fairly thermophilic plant, for a plant the optimum temperature at any time of the year ranges from 20-26 degrees.

    Dwarf mango tree soil

    The soil under the mango tree should be loose enough. Be sure to remember to take care of good drainage!

    Dwarf mango tree Watering and humidity

    Dwarf mango tree Watering and humidity

    Moderately moist soil is the optimal soil for growing dwarf mango tree. It is very important to minimize watering while the mango is in bloom. At the same time, attention should be paid to the condition of the leaves - without moisture, they will wilt. 

    After removing the fruits, the watering regime becomes the same. The plant needs to gain new strength for further development. Moderately moist soil is especially important for young trees that cannot tolerate dry soil.

    Mango does not like excessive dampness, however, dry air can harm him. Room humidity should be moderate.

    Dwarf mango trees dressing and fertilizers

    To form a beautiful branchy crown, it is necessary to feed the plant in early spring. During the period of active growth of a tropical tree, organic fertilizers should be introduced into the soil (every 2 weeks). 

    Microfertilizers are used for additional plant nutrition, which is carried out no more than 3 times a year. In the autumn, mango does not need fertilization. 

    In order for the plant to develop correctly and delight its owners with healthy and tasty fruits, it is advisable to select a complete balanced fertilizer for it.

    How do you keep a mango tree small?

    Watch Full Video of How do you keep a mango tree small?

    Dwarf mango tree propagation methods

    How To Make a Dwarf Mango Tree

    Previously, mangoes were propagated by seed and grafting. Only the last method of propagation of a dwarf mango tree plant has retained its relevance today.

     This is due to the fact that the vaccine gives a guaranteed result. Plants are grafted exclusively in the summer. Any soil can be chosen for grafted trees, as long as the soil is light, loose and nutritious. Good drainage is also required.

    If a young grafted tree is in a hurry to bloom and bear fruit, therefore, the flower panicle should be removed after its absolute blooming. It is possible to allow mango flowering with all the ensuing consequences only 1-2 years after vaccination.

    It is noteworthy that the first mango harvest will be minimal, and this is normal. The plant tries to protect itself from exhaustion, and allows you to get some large and tasty fruits. In the future, the number of mango fruits will increase.

    See Full Video How To Make a Dwarf Mango Tree

    By the way, mango can be grown quite easily . How exactly to sprout a mango tree bone - watch an interesting video.

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