How to make a terrarium, it is a magnificent opportunity to have a small garden inside your house, many say that it is a practical way to grow your favorite plants in small containers that can be made of glass or plastic, another peculiarity is that it You can do it in a comfortable space that is not subject to certain amounts of earth or terrain, here we will teach you all the methods.

How to Make a Terrarium Home Step by step

Making a terrarium is something easy, today we ask you the question: Would you like to have your own terrarium in your garden without worrying about space at home? In this guide we leave you the opportunity to make your terrarium, what you will need to achieve this exciting goal, without a doubt is to pay close attention to the methods indicated in this guide, she will show you how to make a terrarium in a bottle and how to make a terrarium for iguana. Here you will know how to create your home terrarium in a comfortable way .

What is a Terrarium?

Sometimes we meet people who love plants and their spirits are usually a little low, you ask them what is wrong with them and they tell you the passion they feel for growing plants, but they have the difficulty of not having enough space , or worse still, they do not have a garden or a terrace where they grow their favorite plants.

With our article we present you the excellent option that you have the possibility of how to make a terrarium at home. How do you do it? In a special garden, that is, where you grow plants using containers that can be made of glass or plastic.

That is how easy you will be able to grow all your plants at home, now, a very encouraging news is that you will not need to apply too much care, and how is that? Well with the creation of a home terrarium, the garden that you are going to have turns out to be simpler, you just have to follow the instructions for the steps , and for this we are going to use some methods to make it more practical.

What You Need To Know Before 

We encourage you to look for some plants that have similar peculiarities so that they grow very close together without any setbacks. As an example we can mention the classic plants known as well, as traditional these are used in terrariums, they are not limited to ferns, fat plants, mosses and cacti.

Method 1: Choose your terrarium

When we mention that it is possible to have a terrarium it is because it can be a beautiful reality, you just have to bring out your creativity.

    Decide which plants you are going to place: To start the beautiful experience of creating a terrarium, the first thing you should do is select which plants you want to use or plant. You usually know all the plants grown with this technique and with the respective care can be taken to make an excellent terrarium.

    • Choose or select, as we told you in previous paragraphs, a delicate little plant that is kept small . Among the existing possibilities 'you can' achieve a large terrarium among what fits, we refer to the claim of having a garden without much space, that is, to house a lavender bush with other trees. but always taking into account small plants. It is very important that you select the plants that do not have growth above the container that you are going to use for the terrarium in which they will be placed.
    • It should be noted that the plants that choose the shade are the ones that you are going to take, now we tell you why, well the glass container has the particularity of amplifying the light, usually the plants inside a terrarium are wonderfully complacent at low levels of light, if you force a plant that needs the sun to stay in the shade , it can easily die.
    • Another important fact is to use plants resistant to high percentages of humidity. Regularly the volume of humidity in terrariums increases rapidly, for this eventuality it is good to choose plants exclusively those that occur in tropical jungles or forests, so that they defend themselves well in the middle of this environment, when referring to Mediterranean herb plants is different since they are used to the environment.
    • If you've never made a terrarium, and you don't know how to do it, we recommend choosing plants that are easy to grow and affordable . Likewise, we suggest that you choose to select inexpensive plants that are easy to grow.

    2. Choose a container : 

    conveniently the container should preferably be glass and deep enough where it can house the roots of these plants. To place your tree, you can recycle a glass container or buy a new one. That is to say that you can use the one you like the most, such as: a glass jug, a fish tank, large jars, the essential thing is that it helps you grow plants.

    • Covered: When they are in this condition (covered), in the glass container it is possible that they concentrate more humidity, it is important that they be lifted sporadically so that the plants receive fresh air.
    • Hood covers: In this hood mode they can still enjoy a lot of humidity, due to the form of the cover it receives enough ventilation.
    • Pharmaceutical jars:  They have become perfect options for building terrariums with more elevation (height).
    • Boxes (jewelry boxes, drawers, baskets): Some of these can be found available with / without hermetic closure, others.
    • Aquariums: Generally they have the sufficient capacity to work well as terrariums, and can be used for this purpose, covered with glass or open.
    • Containers: (vases, compote jars, tureens), it is worth mentioning that you can use all kinds of jars that have a top opening.

    3.Decide on the place for the Terrarium:

     In particular, the theme of terrariums guarantees great maintenance, although for them to be achieved they need to be placed in a fairly cool place (room, living room, kitchen, bathroom and others). as long as it has the guarantee of freshness.


    • Light : For terrarium construction projects the factors that they require must be evaluated very well, in the case of light, we will say that these are plants the same as the others, the only thing that we are going to pay a little more attention to for the reason that are placed in glass containers and therefore direct exposure to the sun can damage all the work, the orientation is to place them in a space where it receives sunlight but not direct sunlight. Also, if you prefer, you can place fluorescent lights on them, taking into account the safety regulations and use the lights created for gardening.
    • Temperature : As a general rule these terrariums should be kept inside the house, in (bedrooms, living rooms, hall, with heating) and others. Never in frozen places, or near the heater or near the air conditioner. It is advisable to avoid extreme temperatures or in their effects temperature
    • Adequate surface: It is important to place your terrarium in an appropriate place, that is, away from furniture or others where they can be tripped over by children or pets, they should always be out of their reach.

    4. Buy your supplies

    You must acquire all the elements that you are going to use in the construction of your terrarium, you can visit aquariums and garden stores to obtain the supplies:


    The land that is mostly used for this type of terrarium should be light with enough drainage, and with elements that guarantee good development such as moss or peat. One way to check that the drainage is in perfect condition can be by placing a portion of soil in your hand, then wetting it by clenching your fist: now, when you open your hand, the soil is heavy indicates that it will be kept together, and if for on the contrary the earth is light it will be ruined.


    Stones or gravel

    They are special to provide drainage, when they are placed in the interior part of the terrarium, on the other hand it is a beautiful figure when you also place them in the area above the terrarium. Choose to use 0.65cm stones, which is the same, they are 1/4 inch or it may be less, which help to achieve more drainage, likewise, you can choose the stone you like the most to decorate your terrarium on the surface.

    Activated carbon

    It is important to note that the main element that we select is the glass container and generally these are not equipped with holes in the lower part unless you order holes to be made in a special way for the drainage to be carried out, where the plant will be, another An option that facilitates drainage is to add activated carbon, this can be obtained in gardening shops also in aquariums. Activated charcoal is used to keep the soil fresh.


    In terrariums, the moss is an important part to add it to the interior of the terrarium, the function it provides is as if it were a "sponge" that is used to absorb the exuberance of water.


    These are an exclusive fundamental tool to avoid contagion produced by fungi on the skin, by manipulating the moss, you also have to wear a long-sleeved shirt preferably. It is worth mentioning that with gloves you can handle the charcoal that you will have in your terrarium in the same way.


    In the decoration part, your creativity enters the scene, you must choose everything you would like to include in your terrarium, taking into account that it does not deteriorate with exposure to water, substances dissolved with stones, also with small figurines or other decoration used for aquariums. Never include "insects" in the terrarium, these can cause damage and disease to plants.

    Method 2 Plant your Terrarium

    1. Clean the glass receptacle: 

    To make a terrarium it is convenient that the jar is very clean, if you used it before you must wash it with soap and water, until it is completely free of soap residue. This procedure is necessary so that bacteria never appear in the terrarium, it is good to use antibacterial soap.

    2.- You must place suitable stones for drainage:  

    You can combine gravel / stone with activated carbon. Using a layer no larger than 2.5cm which refers to 1 inch approx. high place it inside the receptacle of the terrarium.

    3.- Put a moss chapel: 

    This layer is placed so that there is no infiltration of soil to the gravel, and acts by absorbing excess water.

    4.- Place the soil: 

    To carry out this procedure you must consider the size of the terrarium and the extension of the roots that the plants have, add 5cm (2 inches) to 7.5 cm (three inches) approximately of soil. Make sure you remove all air pockets, this will be done by gently crushing the earth until you level the surface. Cut holes in the ground for you to place the plants.

    5.- Start to place your plants : 

    Taking it out of the container then gently shake the roots this is done to remove excess soil and at the same time to help the roots to be removed to a new soil, then place it in the hole that you opened, covering it with the earth with pats. You must do the same process with the other plants that you are going to add.

    6.- Complete the decoration: 

    In this part the way is open for your creativity as long as it is according to the idea of ​​planting, you can use moss / stones and other creations in the upper part of the terrarium.

    7.- Provide your plants with some moisture:

     With light watering, your terrarium will appreciate it. And you're done!

    Method 3  Maintenance

    In general, every plant requires maintenance, or care to keep it healthy.

    1.- The irrigation of the plant: 

    The proportion of irrigation for this type of plants requires to be very special in the terrariums is open, as in those that remain hermetically sealed, the first requires an occasional irrigation once weekly or every two weeks . The second is watered once a month. Succulents like cacti are watered once a month.

    2.- To keep the plants healthy: 

    For this important mission you must monitor the plant if you notice: herbs, fungi, or that there are diseased plants, quickly remove the one that is affected as well as clean the one with wilted flowers.

    3.- Give fresh air to the terrarium: 

    When you planted in a hermetically sealed terrarium, you should provide some ventilation occasionally. One way you can use to provide some air is by opening the container and placing a stone in it to hold the lid for a few minutes.


    Tropical (warm) plants do well, because they are from humid environments, their beautiful colors make them beautiful

    • Never put the terrarium in dark areas.
    • Before dedicating yourself to choosing the place where you have indirect light.
    • Sealed terrariums are comfortable to keep.
    • These plants in particular tend to grow by suckers or leaves.

    Variations to Use the Terrarium at Home

    This is another idea that we present to you so that you have environments decorated with new terrariums that you can have on desks, tables, shelves and others.

    Make a Terrarium on a Table

    We have already taught you how to make a clean glass container terrarium, now you must know where to place them, although we always repeat it will be inside the house.

    We can take as an example… A table!

    Taking into consideration that these beautiful terrariums are exclusive to decorate, you can illuminate an office or home area with a natural touch.

    You need to:

    Each of the elements indicated above for the creation of the terrarium.

    -A lamp globe with a base.

    -A low voltage bulb.

    -A glass receptacle (crystal), with a width similar to the screen.

    Terrarium lamp step by step

    Making a terrarium lamp is easy, the importance is in the container that you are going to use, it must be exactly the same width as the lamp. You join both elements in one and that's it.

    1. Now, in the container already prepared with the instructions you know for a terrarium, you start to assemble it as you want.
    2. Finally, place the shade together with the bulb that will provide the light. Place it on top of the terrarium, learn it! Your office or home will be filled with nature and beautiful light.


    In this article we focus on creating a decorative terrarium exclusively for plants. If you want to create a different terrarium, we refer to how to create a terrarium for iguana, turtle, frog, or other animal. We only recommend reading about each of the animal's needs before creating it.

    Remember what we mentioned about watering plants can never be excessively. Water them according to the container and only where the soil is dry.