how to grow strawberry

Strawberry: plant or cultivate in the vegetable garden ...

Is there still a need to describe or present this beautiful red fruit? Yes, without a shadow of a doubt! On jaime-gardiner we talk about plants, and in this case, fruits, of course, but we mainly talk about how to cultivate them. And as far as strawberries are concerned, we have so much opportunity to buy filthy ones, which have grown in the shade (of a prison I do not see any other explanation) unless it is directly in the tray ! Strawberries, you've already paid a small fortune for them at your favorite store and yet, for sure, you've already thrown whole bundles away.

It is true that our "brave supermarkets" have taken the good habit of offering them for sale from December "for the holidays, we blow strawberries at 25 euros per kilo ONLY! »And until November of the following year. Sometimes these strawberries are even beautiful, almost attractive… Until you taste them.

There are also the sources, the labels… which do not guarantee the purchase of quality fruit. Must do with.

On, I offer you one thing. We leave them the trays and we cultivate the strawberry !!!

First of all, it's simple. Then, you will see the strawberries in your garden, which will have grown under the sun and in the right way, without forcing, they will be perfect, tasty, sweet, firm, red, Beautiful and Good what! Much better and much cheaper.
Of course some snails will swallow it too, yes yes, I know one that will give up!
A "little gray" for a great good 😉!


Botanical name:

(Fragaria vesca)

Plant type

• Cycle: Perennial plant
• Foliage: Deciduous
• Type of plant: perennial fruit tree, fruit tree
• Family: Rosaceae
• Habit: Creeping
• Hardiness: rustic plant


• Strawberry plants are resistant to cold down to - 30 ° C.
• Cultivating strawberries depletes the soil.
• Rotation should be done every 2-3 years to optimize harvests.

Advantage in the garden

• Production of delicious strawberries as soon as the sun is out.
• Depending on the variety cultivated:
> you can obtain strawberries from May to October for the repeat varieties.
> For non-flowering varieties, harvesting is possible for around 40 days from May to the end of July.

Description of the strawberry plant:

Strawberries are perennial and creeping herbaceous plants. The foot forms a succession of small low tufts 10 to 35 cm high, depending on the species.

The plant has a great branching capacity which produces a large number of buds. These branches are runners, often wrongly called "greedy" they produce adventitious roots at the level of the leaves and take root and form new plants. The leaves at the base are trifoliate and toothed.

It is in spring that the flowers appear for some cultivated varieties, they can flower several times or even continuously from spring to autumn. The flowers of the roses are white or a very pale yellow, sometimes pink for some cultivars. They are quite small, and measure 1 to 3 cm in diameter.

The fruit (in botany the strawberry as we know it is not the fruit) is beautiful: a beautiful red speckled with green or brown spots. It can have a yellow / white color depending on the variety, and an oval, oblong more or less angular or rounded shape and stretches, ends in a narrower area slightly pointed.

Fruit development is based on environmental criteria: the sun in particular.


How to collect strawberry seeds?

how to collect strawberry seed

We don't always know, but the little green or brown dots that are all around a strawberry are  achenes , and achenes contain a seed. It is not necessarily easy to collect the seeds, to do this:
• Crush the strawberries in a sieve, rinse gently by passing a stream of water over the crushed flesh.
• Once this operation has been carried out, dry the ducts on a sheet of absorbent paper (Sopalin).
• Finally, store the seeds in a tightly closed envelope.

From sowing to planting:
from January to March  : you can sow the seeds in the shelter, in pots or in planters with ideal conditions (room between 18-20 degrees and light). from April to June : you can sow under a frame. from March  : planting young plants (4-5 leaves) on a location in the ground in the sun.  

How to seed strawberries?

Under shelter (18 ° C and good light) from January until March:
• Fill single pots with planting soil.
• Place one seed per cup on the surface. Do not add soil over the seed.
• Tamp the soil with a flat tool or by hand.
• Moisten very lightly - you can mist - twice a week.
• Seedlings will take a few weeks to develop.
• it will be necessary that the feet have reached 5 leaves to be planted.

How to multiply strawberries?

It is more common to propagate strawberry plants by layering rather than sowing the seeds as described above.
• Layering is the action of burying a strawberry stem in the middle.
• The stem will recreate roots and develop a new foot in the buried place.

How to plant strawberries?

how to plant strawberry

Gardener's info:  The strawberry plant is sensitive to viral diseases, if you buy the plants, be sure to guarantee virus free. Regularly monitor their vegetation, aphids being the vectors of contamination. In case of infestation, you can spray a mixture of water and black soap (be careful with basic black soap without added perfume…) 40% black soap 60% water.

First of all, it is possible to plant in the fall or in the spring. In September and October. This method will give a lot of fruit the following spring. In spring, from March (excluding frost), the harvest will be less fruitful the first year.

• Prepare the soil so that it is free from weeds.
• Prepare a mixture of heather soil and compost. The idea here is to give the conditions for a good development to the strawberry plants thanks to a light and rich soil.
• Once the plants are in place, water generously.
• Space each plant at least 30 cm apart and separate the rows by 40cm.
• 4 to 6 plants per M2

What exhibition?

Sun full pot! The more sunlight the strawberry plant receives, the sweeter and more beautiful it will be.

What soil quality for the strawberry plant?

Light, rich and well-drained soil.

The strawberry harvest?

• Repeat varieties: from May to July then from September to the end of October
• Non-repeat varieties: from May to July.
the fruits are delicious in both cases.

Some varieties of strawberries:

Non-replanting varieties

• Ciflorette
The strawberries are medium in size and elongated, with a beautiful orange-red color. The fruit is bright and its fragrance is sustained. The flesh is firm and juicy and the taste sweet. The fruit holds up well.
Fruit production is very early: from early May
Good resistance to disease.

• Cigoulette
Strawberries CigouletteThe strawberries of this variety produce large, shiny red conical fruits (approximately 18 g). The tender, juicy and sweet flesh is fragrant and also tangy.
The production is early (from the end of May) and abundant: do not panic! It is the variety that accepts freezing the best (read: Fruits: what to do with a too abundant harvest?)
Variety resistant to diseases.? For connoisseurs, Cigoulette is considered to be Belrubi's replacement.

• Gariguette
Undoubtedly the most famous variety. The strawberries are medium, elongated, and bright red in color. The scent, the quality of its flesh and its magnificent slightly acidic taste make it a "tobacco".
It is an early strawberry variety - harvest in early May.
Production is average or even good under good conditions.
Average conservation quality too!
• Surprise des halles
Strawberry Surprise des HallesSurprise des Halles is a strawberry plant belonging to collectible strawberries, made from an old variety (read: Old varieties: was it better before?).
The strawberry is medium to large in size, conical in shape and dark red in color. The pink and fragrant flesh is sweet and slightly tart.
It is a rustic variety, which adapts to all types of soil, resistant to diseases, and which produces numerous fruits, from May to the beginning of July.
The fruits are very well preserved.


Repeat varieties

• Mara des bois
Mara des bois produces fairly small, conical and dark red strawberries. The fruits are very fragrant, the juicy flesh with a fruity taste reminiscent of wild strawberries.
The plans are very productive, from June to the first frosts. Easy to grow, it is also very resistant to diseases.The Mara des Bois is ideal for growing in pots, to enjoy it on your balconies, terraces.

• Charlotte
La Charlotte produces rather large, heart-shaped fruits of a bright bright red color. Its flesh is fragrant, firm, sweet, with a good taste of wild strawberries.
Producing few runners (branching), it is easy to maintain.
The variety is good yielding (June to October).
Good disease resistance and very good shelf life.

• Queen of the valleys
It is the strawberry of the four seasons. It produces berries continuously from June to October.
The strawberries are conical and dark red. They are also very fragrant. The flesh is tender and very sweet. a real pleasure to taste.
The stems do not produce a stolon which makes her perfect for container crops.
It resists disease well.