TIllumination Jacaranda  plant belongs to the Bignoniaceae family. This genus is represented by shrubs and trees. Such a tall perennial in height can reach 20 meters and even higher. Its branches are adorned with spectacular double-pinnate leaf plates that look like a fern. That is why this plant is also popularly called the "fern tree". In nature, jacaranda can be found in Mexico, India and Israel.


A shrub native to South America, or rather from its tropical zone. It is often grown indoors. The crop is fast growing, with an average annual growth rate of about 25 centimeters. The height of an adult bush can be up to 200 cm, but only if you do not carry out timely pruning. In indoor conditions, the plant rarely pleases with its flowers, while in nature it blooms in winter or in mid-April.

On the tops of the fragile stems, a large number of bell-shaped flowers of purple color are formed. They are part of large panicle-shaped inflorescences. The plant is also called "violet tree", this is due to the color of the inflorescences.

    Brief description of cultivation

    Jacaranda

    1. Temperature conditions . In the warm season, the shrub grows well and develops at a temperature of about 25 degrees, while in the winter months it is kept at room temperature.
    2. Air humidity . It must be at least 65 percent. Therefore, the plant needs daily moistening from a spray bottle.
    3. Illumination . Needs a lot of bright ambient light. The bush needs about 3.5 hours of direct sunlight per day.
    4. Watering . In the summer, the substrate in the pot is moistened abundantly and often (about four times every 7 days). At other times of the year, the plant is provided with such watering so that the top layer of the soil mixture in the container does not dry out.
    5. Substrate . To prepare it, combine sand, humus, peat, leaf and sod soil (1: 2: 2: 4: 2). Make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.
    6. Fertilizer . In the autumn-winter period, feeding is not carried out. In spring and summer, jacaranda is fed once every 4 weeks using diluted mineral fertilizer.
    7. Transplant . While the bush is young, this procedure is carried out every year, and adult specimens are transplanted once every 3 years.
    8. Reproduction . By seed method or cuttings.
    9. Features of care . In the warm season, it is recommended to transfer the tree to the garden or to the balcony, if possible. For him, choose a place that is reliably protected from drafts. In springtime, the plant is pruned to form a crown.


    Jacaranda's home care

    Jacaranda

    In order for indoor jacaranda to grow well and develop correctly, we must try to provide optimal conditions for it.

    Temperature regime of Jacaranda

    Since this is a tropical plant, it is distinguished by its thermophilicity. When growing it in room culture, special attention should be paid to the temperature regime. In the summer months, the bush should be warm (about 25 degrees). In winter, it grows normally and develops at an air temperature close to room temperature. It is not harmed by a drop in air temperature to 13 degrees, but it should be short-lived.

    Air humidity 

    Such a tropical guest needs high air humidity, while its optimal level is from 65 to 70 percent. That is why the foliage of the plant must be moistened every day from a spray bottle, using well-settled, slightly warm water. It is recommended to spray the bush in the evening, since direct sunlight should not be allowed to fall on wet leaves.

    You can also increase the level of humidity with a household humidifier, or an open vessel filled with water can be placed near the bush. You can also fill a high pallet with wet pebbles or expanded clay and place a container with a plant on top of it.

    Illumination

    Jacaranda


    For the normal development of the tree, you need to try to be in direct sunlight for about 3.5 hours every day. The rest of the time, bright diffused light will be enough for him. Jacaranda also needs a lot of light during the winter months. A southeast or east window sill is best suited for her.

    In order for the growth and development of the crown to be uniform, you need to regularly turn the pot with a bush around its axis so that the sun's rays illuminate one or the other side.

    Watering for Jacaranda

    This shrub is distinguished by its moisture-loving nature. In the summer, the plant is watered at least once every 3 days. At other times of the year, watering should be of such frequency that a dense crust does not have time to form on the surface of the soil mixture.

    For irrigation, use well-settled water, the temperature of which should be slightly higher than room temperature. To exclude excessively rapid evaporation of moisture, the surface of the trunk circle is covered with a layer of mulch, which is used as chopped sphagnum moss, coconut substrate or spruce bark.

    Jacaranda Pot selection

    Jacaranda

    Also, special attention should be paid to the choice of a pot. Do not use an excessively voluminous container for planting, otherwise the bush will stretch up strongly and look untidy. The pot should be quite low and wide, and a good drainage layer must be made at its bottom. During transplantation, a new container is taken, which in diameter should be 3 cm larger than the old one.

    Substrate

    To grow jacaranda, the substrate must be done by hand. To do this, combine peat, humus, sand, and also sod and leafy soil, taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 2: 4. The soil mixture should be fertile and light. To make it looser, it is combined with vermiculite or brick chips.

    Jacaranda tree fertilizer

    In the autumn and winter months, fertilizers cannot be applied to the substrate. Top dressing is carried out during the spring-summer period with a frequency of 1 every four weeks. To do this, use a mineral complex fertilizer in liquid form, which should be diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio.

    Top dressing is carried out in conjunction with watering, in this case the nutrients will be absorbed by the roots much faster. During the shedding of leaves, which occurs in the last winter or first spring weeks, no feeding is carried out.

    Jacaranda transplant

    Jacaranda transplant

    While the violet tree is young, it should be transplanted regularly once a year in the spring. Adult bushes are subjected to this procedure once every 3 years. The transplant is carried out very carefully, while the root collar does not need to be buried, since this may cause the growth point to be underground, which will lead to a halt in the development of the bush.

    When choosing a new container, pay attention to the fact that it should be 30 mm larger in diameter than the old pot. There should be drainage holes at the bottom of the container. Also, do not forget to make a thick drainage layer and prepare the substrate that is optimal in terms of composition.


    Pruning

    As a rule, in winter, leaves from a tree fly around, while young foliage on the branches appears in spring. Jacaranda is pruned annually in the spring months. In order to create a beautiful crown, they resort to shortening the tips of the branches. And in order for the bush to branch better, they regularly pinch.

    Bonsai creation

    bonsai Jacaranda

    Indoor Jacaranda is great for bonsai cultivation. For this, the main trunk and several powerful, spectacular branches should be formed. To make the shoots grow in the right direction, thick wire is wound around them and a heavy load is attached.

    You can easily deform the shoots of the violet tree the way you want. However, remember that his branches are very fragile. That is why experts recommend that you be very careful in the process of forming a branch, because one awkward movement is enough for it to break. Those branches that you think are superfluous should be cut off. After the growth of the main shoots, their tops are pinched.

    After complete lignification of the branches, weights and wire can be removed. The bonsai is ready. In the future, it remains only to maintain the shape of the bush. To correct it, pinching and trimming are carried out as necessary.

    Jacaranda Bloom

    Jacaranda grow in pots

    In the wild, blooming jacaranda looks simply luxurious. On the numerous branches of tall trees, many loose elongated lush panicle inflorescences are formed, which consist of spectacular bell-shaped flowers. Inflorescences are formed in the leaf axils or at the tops of refined branches. The color of the flowers can be dark blue, blue, lavender, purple, or a mixture of these colors.

    The inflorescences smell pleasantly of fresh honey, thanks to which they contribute to the active attraction of insects. The drooping panicle inflorescences look very beautiful against the background of openwork leaves, painted in a rich green hue. At home, the flowering of such a tree can be seen very rarely. If you want to see the jacaranda in bloom then you should visit the botanical garden.

    Dormant period

    The dormant period of such a culture lasts from the second half of November to the first days of March. At this time, the jacaranda should be in a room where the air temperature does not fall below 17 degrees. It is also important to pay attention to the lighting, which should be bright at any time of the year, even in winter. Thanks to this, the plant will develop within normal limits. At rest, the bush does not need feeding. Watering should be less frequent and plentiful than in the warm season, but make sure that there is no overdrying of the earthen coma in the pot.

    Reproduction methods

    Jacaranda Growing from seeds

    Jacaranda

    Sowing seeds of jacaranda is carried out in the spring. Take a damp gauze, roll it up in several layers and wrap the seed in it. Place the seeds in a warm place for two or three days. Remember to moisten the gauze systematically.

    Take small cups and fill them with substrate. 1 seed is planted in each container to a depth of 1 cm. Moisten the substrate abundantly and cover the container on top with glass or film. Remember to regularly ventilate the crops and, if necessary, moisten the substrate. If the crops are warm, then the first seedlings can be seen after about three weeks. When the plants grow up and get stronger, they are planted in larger pots.


    Jacaranda grow from Cuttings

    Jacaranda cutting

    Cuttings are harvested from May to July, and their length should be 10 centimeters. The lower part of the segments is treated with an agent that stimulates the growth of roots, then they are planted for rooting in a moistened substrate, and covered with a film on top and removed to a warm place. Cuttings will give roots after about half a month. The fact that the procedure was successful will be indicated by the appearance of young leaves. Rooted segments are planted in individual pots.

    You can also root the cuttings in a glass of water, while the place of the cut must be dipped in Kornevin. Water should be mixed with charcoal powder. Remember to change the water in your glass regularly. After the length of the regrown roots reaches 1–1.5 cm, plant the cuttings in separate pots.

    Both of these methods are quite effective and common among flower growers.

    Jacaranda Possible problems

    Jacaranda

    With violations in the care of home jacaranda, it becomes less resistant to pests and diseases. In this case, problems such as:

    1. Rot forms on the root system . Excessive watering and poor drainage layer. Transplant the diseased bush, while cutting out all the affected roots. For planting, a soil mixture is used, which is mixed with brick chips, vermiculite and perlite.
    2. Yellowing of foliage . The plant feels iron deficiency. Add this element to the substrate.
    3. Flying foliage in the spring . Natural process.
    4. Pests . A scabbard, spider mite or whitefly can settle on the tree. To get rid of them, use suitable insecticides.

    Types of jacaranda with photos and names

    The types of jacaranda that are most often cultivated in indoor conditions will be described below.

    Jacaranda mimosifolia

    Jacaranda mimosoliferous

    The height of a straight non-branching trunk can reach up to 300 cm. The shape of pinnately-divided leaves is elongated-elongated. The length of the flowers is about 5 cm, while in diameter they reach up to 3 cm. Their color is deep blue, while the petals are decorated with whitish small dots. They are part of elongated panicles.

    Fluffy Jacaranda (Jacaranda tomentosa)

    Jacaranda fluffy

    In nature, the height of a tree reaches 15 m and even more. The color of the pinnately complex leaf plates is dark green. They include 4 pairs of leaflets, which are divided into ovoid lobes. Paniculate inflorescences are composed of purple flowers.

    Jacaranda acutifolia

    Jacaranda pointed-leaved

    The branching straight trunk reaches a height of about 15 meters. Openwork leaf plates are painted in a deep green hue, while outwardly they are similar to a fern. Tubular flowers have a delicate blue color.

    Fern Jacaranda (Jacaranda filicifolia)

    Jacaranda

    The plant has a height of about 8 meters. Elongated double-pinnate leaf plates are painted in an emerald hue. Long (about 35 centimeters) panicle inflorescences consist of tubular lavender flowers.