Learning  how to grow Chinese cabbage is not complicated at all. In this material we present a detailed guide to the most relevant aspects of this nutritious plant. The step by step for its cultivation, recommendations, irrigation, sunlight and each of the benefits that consuming it represents. You can have it in your garden and consume it totally fresh. Let's do it.



Chinese cabbage is used in many Asian dishes, making it a good vegetable to grow if you cook a lot of Asian food. Its cultivation is favored by cold climates and may not need much direct sunlight. Always work the soil well and add compost before planting the seeds.

 Since the plants widen as they grow, place them far enough apart in the row and leave gaps between the rows. It's possible to start seeds indoors, but Chinese cabbage doesn't transplant very well, so direct seeding is your best option.

    Step by Step Cultivation of Chinese Cabbage

    We present a series of very detailed steps for you to grow your Chinese cabbage. Read carefully and in no time you will have an extraordinary harvest.

    Step 1: Time to sow

    Sowing: If you decide to plant in the spring, direct planting or start sowing indoors about 4-6 weeks before your last frost date. Stop planting outside until after your last frost date or prepare yourself with some type of row cover.

    Step 2: Prepare your soil

    Now, prepare the soil with some organic fertilizer, compost, and a sand-based soil mix. Make sure the soil in your garden has the same percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium throughout.

    Step 3: It's up to you to plant the seeds

    Plant the seed 1/4 - 1/2 inch deep, spaced 6 inches apart. Thin the plants when they are a few inches tall. If you are growing full-size plants, reduce to a spacing of 12 to 18 inches.

    Step 4: You can sow in a pot

    You can start the plant in a planting pot if you want! In that case, take some peat moss with the potting mix and fill the pot

    Step 5: open a hole

    Next, dig a hole in a pot with your finger and put 2-3 seeds in each hole.

    Step 6: cover the seeds

     Next, cover the seeds with an additional potting mix and water completely from the top.

    Step 7: Spray only what is necessary

    It would be better if you can use a sprinkler to spray the water as that would not bother the seeds in the primary stage!

    Step 8: Position your plant so that it receives the required light

    After that, place the planter on the windowsill where they could get the sunlight with partial shade.

    Step 9: transplant them to the garden

    Once you see germination begin, wait for adequate growth to transplant them to your garden area.

    Step 10: Locate the precise place

    When the plants reach the height of 3 inches long, transplant into their preselected garden space.

    Step 11: dig the necessary holes

    To transplant them, dig a hole 2 inches deep in the ground in a row and make sure the holes are 12 to 24 inches.

    Step 12: cover the holes

    Now, cover the holes with a little more fertilized soil and tighten the root.

    Step 13: It's time to water

    Water thoroughly and be sure to provide your cabbage plants with at least 1.5 inches of water each week of your growing season.

    Step 14: It is up to you to take care of the cabbage plants

    After that, take proper care of your plants if you want to get a handful of healthy crops at the end of your task.

    Chinesse cabbage
    Chinese cabbage brings great amounts of benefits to the body

    Choosing the type of cabbage to grow (Suggested varieties)

    'Blues F1' - Early season, with bluish-green leaves. Disease and bolt resistant. A good option to try in the spring. (57 days)

     'Chinese Express' - bright late-leaved variety, also with good hardiness. (90 days)

     'Monument' - Mid season, with tall, narrow heads. Resists screwing. (80 days)

    Choosing where to grow

    Plant in a place with moderate sun. If you live in a cool climate, your cabbage can be placed in full sunlight. If you live in a warmer climate, the cabbage needs to be planted where it will be in the shade for part of the day. Cabbage should never get more than eight hours of sunlight in a day.

    If your garden is in full sun all day, you may need to build a shelter that covers the cabbage for part of the day.

    Land Type

    Choose an area where the soil drains optimally. Chinese cabbage needs soil that will retain moisture, but soil that is not soggy or saturated. Make sure your garden has good drainage, or consider making some adjustments that will help the soil drain better.

    Flip the soil eight inches (20.3 cm) deep. With a shovel, hoe, or tiller, cut through the garden soil before planting the seeds. Make sure at least the top eight inches (20.3 cm) of the ground loosen and tip over. This is best done for the entire garden, but it is especially important for Chinese cabbage seeds.

    At the beginning of the season, you may need to water the soil several times over the course of a week to make it easier to stretch.

    Cabbage grows well in sandy loam soil. It will grow if there is clay in the soil as well, as long as the soil is not all clay. If it's all clay, it probably won't drain well, which is important.

    Flatten the soil with a rake. Tillage of the soil tends to leave ridges, bumps, and a generally uneven soil surface. To aid your planting, and to give the seeds a good chance for growth, rake the garden bed so that it is flat and level across the entire surface.


    Chinese Cabbage growing  tip

    Because Chinese cabbage has a relatively long growing season, you'll want to start with rich, well-modified soil. Start by digging in several inches of organic matter, such as well-rotten compost or manure. Soil pH is not a big concern, but it points to something in the 6.5 - 7.0 range.

    Harvest

    Harvest the cabbage when the heads reach the size you want. Chinese cabbage typically reaches maturity in about 90 days, but exactly when to harvest is up to you. Use a sharp knife to cut the head off at the base. Leave the outer leaves and the stem and roots of the plant in the garden.

    Smaller heads will grow back on the plant after the head is cut off.

    How to Grow Chinese Cabbage
    Prepare the soil very well for your Chinese cabbage cultivation

    Fertilizers and Fertilizers

    Mix a good amount of decomposed material from your compost pile into the soil in the areas where you put the cabbage. This vegetable needs soil rich in organic matter, so the more compost the better. If you don't have a compost pile, find a garden store that sells composted organic material.

    Mix the compost into the soil after turning the soil. Make about 1: 1 mix of garden soil and compost, at least in the areas where you are planting the cabbage.

    Planting space

    Put Chinese cabbage near companion plants. Your garden plants have a way of working together to promote solid growth. If you plant basil, celery, garlic, potatoes, rosemary, onions, or beans, put your cabbage near them in the garden. These plants repel insects and share nutrients.

    Place companion plants and other Chinese cabbages 12 to 18 inches (30.5 to 45.7 cm) away from your Chinese cabbage seeds.

    Sow the seeds ¼-½ inch (6.35cm-12.7cm) deep. When the bed has been flattened, it is time to sow the Chinese cabbage seeds. Press your finger into the ground ¼-½ in. (6.35cm-12.7cm) deep, forming a small indentation.

    Place the seeds

    Gently cover the seed, making sure you only add enough soil to fill the hole.

    Also put some compost on top of the soil once you put the seeds in the ground. Compost needs to be replenished in the middle of the growing season.

    Arrange the seeds 12 to 18 inches (30.5cm-45.7cm) apart in the row. Chinese cabbage spreads as it grows. For this reason, it is important to plant the seeds far enough apart so that they have room to spread out. Plant Michihili types closer to 12 inches (30.5 cm) apart and Napa types closer to 18 inches (45.7 cm) apart.

    Make rows 18 to 30 inches (45.7 to 76.2 cm) apart. If you are planting multiple rows of bok choy, leave at least a foot and a half between the rows. Tighter spacing produces smaller heads, which could be beneficial if you're selling the cabbage at a market.

    Some varieties grow better with tighter or looser spacing. Check the seed packets for addition spacing information.

    Chinese cabbage watering

    Water the cabbage plants every day. Chinese cabbage absorbs water, so you want to keep the soil constantly moist. Install a moisture meter around the cabbage plants to monitor the moisture level. You generally plan to water your plants every day, especially if they get a lot of sun.

    Required care

    There are many more things to do on the Chinese cabbage plant, besides frequent watering and fertilizing and providing a perfect hedging system is just one of them!

    After transplanting the cabbage plants into your garden area, mulch them to regulate the perfect soil temperature and hold in moisture for an extended period.

    Chinese cabbage is a heavy food plant, so you need to fertilize more often than other vegetables to provide proper nutrition for both the roots and leaves.

    As each plant grows to the height of 5 inches tall, prune them, and remove all the weirder, unwanted leaves from the plants to allow the head to have enough room to grow to their fullest.

    Water at least 1.5 to 2 inches per week and keep it moist during the first hours of the day.

    Protecting your plants from every troubleshooting or potential crisis is an important attempt to care for your cabbage plants.



    Learn more : Over the past year over 13,200 families have also already successfully used the very same technique

    Plagues and diseases

    Beware of insects and diseases. This plant is susceptible to cabbage slugs, aphids, beetles, and worms. Slugs and aphids can usually be removed or rinsed off with a hose. Install netting over your plants to protect them from these insects.

    If you notice that the cabbages are brown or wilted, they may be sick. It is best to remove diseased plants from the garden and discard them. Chinese cabbage does not share the fast-growing advantage of many other Asian vegetables. This makes it a target for the usual lineup of brassica pests and diseases, including: club root, yellowish cabbage, black rot, and black leg. Don't plant Napa cabbage in a spot that had brassicas growing on it previously.

    Light and Climate

    Plant in early spring or late summer. Chinese cabbage grows best when the weather is nice, not on long, hot summer days. Plant it early in the year for harvest before the summer heat wave, or after the hottest days of summer have passed. The climate in your area will determine whether or not you can grow Chinese cabbage.

    Cover it during periods where the temperature stays between 45 ° F and 75 ° F (7 ° C and 24 ° F). Whether you have a better chance in the spring or fall depends on the area you live in.

    Research the average date of the last frost in your area and plan to plant after that date.

    Cleaning

    Do not cut the leaves or ribs until you are ready to use them. To make a whole head at a time, cut in half lengthwise, remove core and outer wilted or tough leaves, rinse and mince as desired. Make sure to rinse well before use to remove trapped dirt. You can also separate the sheets and wash them individually if you use larger pieces. Roll dry or pat with paper towels to remove excess water if using raw. Excess water does not need to be removed if it is cooked.

    Storage

    Now is the time to properly store or preserve your homegrown cabbage, by cleaning each piece smoothly first.

    To clean the sprouts , remove the entire stem or root parts, if any are still present, and discard the unwanted outer leaves from each piece.

    You can store each cabbage in the crisper in your refrigerator for more than 2-3 days.

    If you want to store them for a longer period, wrap your sprouts in a plastic bag before putting them in the crisper.

    You can even use some plastic vegetable storage bag to wrap the uncut or sliced ​​cabbages.

    Just remember to keep the temperature between 40 ̊ F and 58 ̊ F, especially if you want them to store for more than 1 week.

    Properties and Benefits

     Let's focus on a leafy green vegetable that will literally blow you away due to its health benefits. Let's talk a bit about a particular type of cabbage that we are all familiar with: it is Chinese cabbage, or also known as bok choy. This is an oval-shaped variety of cabbage, with green leaves that have white veins. It is pale green in color and is very easy to find in any store.

    1. It is able to regulate your blood pressure levels:

    The presence of potassium in Chinese cabbage will create a wonderful way to protect your entire body from elevated blood pressure levels, which can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. Potassium acts as a vasodilator, which means that it opens the blood vessels and ensures that the blood flow is relieved, it is not forced to stress, which induces constricted passage through the arteries and veins. In general, cabbage is a great protection against many types of dangerous health conditions!

    2. It can also improve your vision:

    Cabbage is a rich source of beta-carotene, and this is why many people, especially as they age, turn to cabbage for its ability to prevent macular degeneration and generally promote good eye health and retardation. of cataract formation. Beta-carotene has also been positively linked to reduced chances of prostate cancer, which is something extra expected in addition to all the other anticancer effects of cabbage.

    3. Cabbage can also benefit your weight loss process:

    Cabbage is considered to be the best dish for those who constantly watch their weight. So how many calories are in cabbage? Well, a full cup of cooked cabbage contains no more than 33 calories. This means that the cabbage soup diet would mean endless plates of food with absolutely no weight gain.


    4. It can improve the health of your bones:

    Cabbage is considered a great source of minerals like calcium, magnesium, and potassium. These are three essential minerals that are essential for the protection of bones against any degradation and from the beginning of conditions such as osteoporosis and a general weakening of the bones.

    5. Cabbage is excellent for digestion:

    The dietary fiber is essential for proper digestion of food in the intestine and Chinese cabbage contains much of that. When you consume this vegetable, you are getting enough of this particular nutrient and developing a large amount within your digestive tract. This will ultimately speed up your digestion by removing all the unnecessary material from your body.

    6. You can even maintain your cardiovascular health

    Including Chinese cabbage in your diet plan, which can be extremely beneficial for your overall heart health. This is all because this particular vegetable is packed with two of the most important minerals - calcium and potassium, which are capable of efficiently regulating blood pressure levels. The amount of sodium that is present in cabbage is also at fairly low levels, which is good for maintaining the health of the cardiovascular system.

    7. It is excellent for blood circulation

    If you are eager to improve circulation within your bloodstream, then you have definitely come across the best product to succeed in your goal. Chinese cabbage can remove any obstacles in the bloodstream and provide normal, healthy blood flow to every part of your body.

    8. It will give you incredible looking skin

    Chinese cabbage is also highly prized for its effects on a person's beauty, and it also has a role in promoting healthy skin. If you suffer from acne or other skin irritations, cabbage can be the solution for all your skin problems. All you need to do is steam the top leaves of the bok choy and remove all the streaks.



    Learn more : Over the past year over 13,200 families have also already successfully used the very same technique

    Make sure to compress the leaves between a canvas and cotton to soften them when touched. Put the compress on the affected area and leave it like that overnight and the next morning you will experience blemish-free skin.

    9. Cabbage acts as an anti-inflammatory agent

    Chinese cabbage is known to accumulate cadmium-binding complexes in its leaves and one of the main components of this is glutamine. Glutamine is a fairly powerful anti-inflammatory agent, so consuming cabbage can reduce the effects of several different types of inflammation, allergies, joint pain, irritation, fever, and many different skin disorders.

    10. Cabbage will boost your immunity like nothing else

    Yes, this is also true! The benefits of Chinese cabbage consumption are many, and this one made its way onto this list! Chinese cabbage is very high in vitamin C. This means that cabbage helps to strengthen an individual's immune system and also helps to challenge and get rid of free radicals.

    Basically, cabbage is the plant that will provide you with a healthy boost in your diet plan. You should definitely give this veggie a bit more credit, especially since it's pretty healthy and so easy to add to any of your favorite dishes. You can add it to salads, stews, boil, even pickle cabbage, you will reap the benefits and enjoy a healthier body and mind.

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