Eggplant, its Latin name is Solanum melongena. Native to North Africa, the Middle East and Asia, it has been known and consumed for more than two millennia

How to grow Eggplant :sow,Watering and harvesting



It is currently cultivated mainly in China, India, Turkey, Egypt and Japan, in many Latin American countries and also, although to a lesser extent, in Italy, Spain and Greece. In this article we will learn how to grow and plant eggplants organically. We will see how to sow aubergines from seeds, you will see that growing aubergines is very simple.

How to plant eggplants

Eggplant is a sunny vegetable, so direct exposure is essential for it. The ideal time to plant aubergines is in spring or late winter in a sheltered place. The ideal is to sow it in seedlings and when the plant is about 15 cm, it can be transplanted to its final place in the garden.

Put the seeds in each space of the warehouse and bury them no more than 1 cm, then water preferably with a sprayer so as not to compact the soil. If you do not have seedlings you can do it in any container, but in this case be careful not to put them too close together, about 5 cm apart would be fine.

Once transplanted in the garden, the distance between plants should be about 30 cm and between the rows they should be about 60 cm.

As the plant grows it will need a stake in order to grow straight. Also plan to support future fruits, which are very heavy on the plant. You can use an upturned container and support the aubergines on it, this helps the plant, otherwise it will spend more energy fighting with the weight of the fruits.

Eggplant is part of the nightshade family, which also includes potatoes, tomatoes, and peppers. You should avoid placing one of these vegetables on the same bed for a period of at least 3 years. The eggplant will stay in place for 4 to 5 months, almost half a year, which is why the choice of location is essential. The proximity of garlic, beets, lettuce, onion, radish or arugula can be favorable. On the other hand, tomato and peppers near it should be avoided.

 

How to water the eggplants

Eggplant likes water,  , but you don't have to give it too much. Despite its status as a "vegetable of the sun", it needs its soil to be always fresh. Therefore, you will have to regularly water the soil. Put a layer of organic mulch (grass, dry leaves, twigs, etc.) to protect the soil and keep in moisture.

 

Pass

This vegetable doesn't need as much fertilizer. If you find that she has any difficulties or frailty, give her some phosphorus and potassium. In this case you can prepare a banana tea, take some banana peels and boil them for about ten minutes, wait for it to cool and then mix half of rainwater and half of tea, with this preparation water the plant once a week for one month.

 

Pests and diseases of eggplant

You can also sprinkle nettle slurry to try to combat downy mildew and downy mildew, these two diseases that attack leaves and form fruit rot. The third enemy of the eggplant is an insect called the red beetle. If there are too many, remove them manually and away from the crop. But be careful because small animals hide in the front and back of the leaves.

The last opponent is called aphids. Your ultimate (and biological) weapon is potassium soap, to spray the leaves. Here you can see other methods to eliminate aphids from the garden

 

Maintenance

When the eggplants form and begin to grow, remove the smaller, younger twigs. This will allow the plant to focus its strength and energy on the development of the fruit, which will have the best chance of blooming and becoming tasty. Eliminate mainly the twigs located close to the ground, which will not have the opportunity to give greens.

 

Depending on the variety and climate, delicious eggplants can be harvested from summer onwards, around four months from planting and sometimes longer. Choose fruits when they are firm and shiny. Cut cleanly with pruning shears just above the calyx. The harvest will be done according to your needs.

You can enjoy your freshly harvested eggplant, but you can also freeze it, as long as it's cooked. Since they do not last long outside the plant.

After harvesting all the eggplants from your plants, give way to the following vegetables. You can install beans, celery or lettuce in the place where you planted the eggplants, this should be done so as not to deplete the nutrients from the soil.


Learn More : 



Learn more : Over the past year over 13,200 families have also already successfully used the very same technique