The compact shrub chrysanthemum Santini (Santini Chrysanthemums) is a perennial plant that does not require pruning and formation. This kind does not exist in nature. The emergence of the hybrid is the result of painstaking work by Dutch breeders.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Chrysanthemums Santini of different varieties go well in the composition



Features of growing chrysanthemum Santini

Chrysanthemums are not demanding on growing conditions, are unpretentious in care, therefore they have gained wide popularity among florists and gardeners.

Growing and caring for this variety is provided by analogy with other types of bush chrysanthemums. It is important to remember that the plant belongs to the category of hybrids, which means that it will not work to grow a flower bush from seeds.

The peculiarities of growing and caring for chrysanthemums in the conditions of central Russia are in preparing the plant for wintering. Despite the fact that the species belongs to frost-resistant, for the winter Santini bushes must be covered or transplanted into pots, transferred to the room.

Severe frosts, which are often observed during the Russian winter, can be disastrous for an unprotected plant.

Santini chrysanthemums are planted in open ground in May, when the threat of return frosts has passed. Planting in greenhouses is carried out about a month earlier - in mid-April.

The plant prefers loose, fertile soil. Does not like stagnant moisture. Therefore, in some cases, the use of a drainage system is required.

This species needs regular abundant watering and good lighting so that its shape and decorative qualities are not lost.

Varieties of chrysanthemum Santini

All varieties of compact bush chrysanthemum Santini can be conditionally divided according to the main criteria that distinguish them. This is the height of the bush and the diameter of the flower.

Comment!The plant has an average height of 40 cm, and the diameter of the inflorescence does not exceed 5 cm.

For their compactness, flower bushes have been recognized by lovers of indoor flowers. The species also thrives on potted plants. It is noteworthy that the root system of different varieties is identical: the roots are close to the surface, have a modest size and average thickness.

There are quite a few varieties of Santini. Planting, growing and caring for each species does not differ from the basic activities for all bush chrysanthemums. The differences are in external indicators, flowering times.

It is problematic to list all the known varieties of the Santini subspecies, since there are so many of them.

Chrysanthemum Santini Bouncer

Bouncer (Bunser) is a variety that looks like a chamomile. A typical Bouncer has white petals and a greenish center. There are several color options - pale cream, green, yellow, red.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Chrysanthemum Santini Bouncer looks like a chamomile


Distinctive features: thin stem, height up to 40 cm, inflorescence diameter less than 4 cm. This variety is considered one of the most popular among gardeners in the Moscow region. Widely distributed in other regions of the country.

Chrysanthemum Santini Country

The green country variety Santini chrysanthemum bush looks original due to its inflorescences, collected from sharp petals. They are small in size, have a spherical shape, resembling a bump in appearance.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

The chrysanthemum Santini Country has small green inflorescences

Coloring of flowers from yellow-green to pure green. The core merges with the petals.

Chrysanthemum Santini Aurinko

Outwardly, Santini Aurinko is similar to the Country variety. Flower petals have an oblong shape, collected in spherical (pompous) inflorescences.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Santini Aurinko has pompous yellow flowers


A variety of a beautiful yellow shade with a greenish center. Compact bushes with flowers of small diameter (up to 4 cm).

Chrysanthemum Santini Chrissi

Chrysanthemum Santini pink of the Chrissy variety is distinguished by a high stem. The inflorescences are medium in size. The petals are carved in pink shades, the center is green.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

The inflorescences of Santini Chrissi have beautiful pink carved petals

Outwardly, Chrissy resembles a chamomile with double petals that are different in color.

Chrysanthemum Santini Aviso

Unlike other varieties, Aviso has a rather tall stem. Santini Aviso is a chamomile chrysanthemum with rounded petals.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Santini Aviso has a rather bright color and splendor

The variety has a rather pronounced spectacular color: the petals are bright yellow, the core is green.

Chrysanthemum Santini Madiba

The main distinguishing feature of the Madiba variety is in the size of the inflorescence: these are small flowers, double or semi-double. The color of the petals can be white, pink, yellow or red.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

At the same time, the indicator remains unchanged - the diameter of the inflorescence is only 2 cm.

Chrysanthemum Santini Sun Up

Chrysanthemum Santini white variety Sun Up looks like a chamomile, the main difference of which is that its petals are quite small relative to the middle.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Santini Sun Up has a bright yellow broad center and short petals

The short petals are white, and the wide, large core is bright yellow.

Chrysanthemum Santini Jenny Pink

The compact chrysanthemum bush Santini Jenny Pink has an unusual color: pale pink petals around the circumference, towards the center - greenish.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Jenny Peak is characterized by an unusual coloring

Inflorescences are small, spherical. The petals are oval.


Learn more : Over the past year over 13,200 families have also already successfully used the very same technique

Chrysanthemum Santini Pompon

Santini Pompom is a type of compact chrysanthemum with medium-sized spherical inflorescences. The colors are varied: from white to lilac.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Chrysanthemum Santini Pompon (mix) are popular with florists for their variety of tones

Petals are oval in shape, collected in lush inflorescences. The color of the petal towards the center changes to a more intense one.

Chrysanthemum Santini Doria

The spherical inflorescences of the Doria variety are medium-sized, but very effective. The petals are pink-lilac. The middle is greenish.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Long flowering is characteristic of Santini Doria



Planting chrysanthemum Santini

In central Russia, Santini chrysanthemums are planted in open ground from the second decade of May, at a time when the threat of frost has passed. Before proceeding with planting, it is worth determining the location. It is important to choose it according to the following criteria:

  • the soil should be loose, well-drained naturally;
  • there should be no stagnation of water in the selected place;
  • fertility - on poor soils, the plant does not take root well, which will later affect the development and flowering;
  • the place should be well lit.

Preparation of soil and planting capacity

It is not enough just to find the optimal place; it is necessary to prepare the landing sites. If the soil is not loose enough, drainage will have to be done to avoid stagnant water.

In cases where planting is carried out in pots or planting containers (boxes), it is necessary to prepare the soil. It should be light, fertile. Potting mixes, which can be purchased at specialized stores, are well suited for these purposes.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Subspecies Santini prefers light fertile soils

A drainage layer must also be laid on the bottom of the pot or drawer. Expanded clay, broken brick or ceramics are used for this. Experienced flower growers often use old flower pots as drainage, which must first be broken into small pieces.

New containers for planting should be well rinsed with water and soda or a solution of potassium permanganate. Containers that were previously used must be disinfected. To do this, fill them with soda or permanganate solution for 1 - 2 hours.

Preparation of planting material

When purchasing planting material, you need to pay attention to the root system. In chrysanthemum Santini, it is quite compact, the body of the root processes is thick. There should be no dark spots and rotten areas.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

The roots of the plant are quite strong, elastic


Ideally, the root of a healthy plant has a light, uniform color. Before planting, you can immerse it in a stimulant solution, such as root, for a couple of hours. This will help the plant adapt.

Landing rules

A hole is dug approximately 45 cm deep and a drainage layer is placed on the bottom. A layer of earth is laid on top of the drainage, chrysanthemum bushes are moistened and planted. Dig in, and without fail mulch the root zone.

Needles, shavings or sawdust are most often used as mulch. Despite the simplicity of care, the plant needs care. It consists in timely watering and feeding, as well as preparation for the winter season.

Plants are planted in open ground at a distance of half a meter from each other. For planting in pots, you should choose a fairly spacious container.

Chrysanthemum Santini Care

Chrysanthemum does not require special attention to itself, but is responsive to quality care. It needs a place well lit by the sun's rays. The plant cannot stand a lack of light and excess moisture.

Too high humidity is also unacceptable. Chrysanthemum Santini needs regular loosening, watering and feeding.

Optimal growing conditions

Chrysanthemums are short-day plants. For early varieties it is 13-14 hours, for mid-late - 11-13 hours, for late varieties - 14-15. Santini growing indoors requires additional lighting in winter. This applies to varieties that bloom all year round.

For chrysanthemums, with proper watering, air humidification is carried out as needed. You just need to make sure that drops of sprayed water do not fall on the inflorescences, and do not accumulate in them. Chrysanthemum leaves should not be wetted too abundantly.

The optimal temperature range for chrysanthemums is considered to be a temperature range of 10 to 17 degrees. The maximum air temperature is +22 degrees. At higher rates, inhibition of the bud buds occurs.

Watering mode for chrysanthemum Santini

The plant needs regular watering. It needs to be done 1 - 2 times a week, depending on weather conditions. During the dormant period, it is not necessary to feed and water the plant.

Before watering, you need to loosen the soil. Watering is carried out at the root of the plant, after which the root areas are mulched. Excess moisture must not be allowed.

During the budding period, the plant needs frequent moderate watering. With the onset of flowering, it is reduced. Before sheltering for the winter, they stop.

Top dressing

Top dressing can be started 2 weeks after planting. The composition of nutritional mixtures depends on the periods of development:

  • during the formation of buds, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are applied;
  • leaf formation - top dressing with potash fertilizers;
  • the formation of the first buds and leaves on the cuttings - the introduction of ammonium nitrate.

You can not make top dressing during the period of staining of the buds.

Trimming and shaping

Since chrysanthemum Santini is a compact plant, it does not need to form a bush. The flower itself creates a wonderful shape.

But it is necessary to remove dried and diseased leaves and inflorescences in a timely manner. Before sheltering for the winter, the stems of the bushes are cut, leaving hemp.

In rare cases, it becomes necessary to form a bush. This usually happens when the growing conditions are not appropriate for the species. To form a bush, you can apply the method of pinching the apical shoots.

Shelter for the winter

Despite the frost resistance, in the middle lane, the Santini chrysanthemum should either be covered for the winter, or transplanted into pots and brought into the room for the winter.

Dry twigs, spruce branches, agrofibre or film are used as a covering material. For regions with mild winters, it is enough to cover the plant with spruce branches.

Diseases and pests

Chrysanthemum Santini has good immunity and is rarely affected by diseases. The plant is resistant to pest attacks. But sometimes these moments do happen. The table shows how to deal with problems caused by pathogenic flora or insects

Since the Santini chrysanthemum belongs to the species of hybrid plants, it can be propagated by dividing an old bush or by cuttings.

How To Grow Chrysanthemum Santini:Varieties,Planting And Care

Seedlings obtained by cuttings take root quite well

The division of the bush can be done at any time. Blooming is not a reason to avoid manipulation. Adult bushes are suitable for dividing. The separated part with the root is immediately transplanted to a permanent place.

For propagation by cuttings, the apical branches are cut off with a length of 10 - 15 cm and placed obliquely into the soil mixture. Do it in the spring or summer.

For rooting cuttings, certain rules must be followed:

  1. Temperature range - +20 - 22 degrees.
  2. The humidity indicator is 80%.
  3. Regular watering.

In such conditions, the cuttings are 7 days. After the roots appear, young plants are immediately planted in the ground, guided by the rules of planting and site selection.

Important!The seeds of hybrid plants are not suitable for planting and propagation in this way.

Conclusion

Chrysanthemum Santini blooms for 40 - 60 days. This means that the personal plot will be pleasing to the eye until late autumn. The plant is popular with gardeners, florists, landscape designers and indoor florists. Cut flower arrangements also look fresh and beautiful for a long time.


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